Europe is the global leader when it comes to IPv6 adoption according to the Third Quarter, 2014 State of the Internet Report from Akamai, with Belgium growing to more than one quarter of its requests to Akamai coming over IPv6, and Germany seeing more than 10 percent of requests over IPv6.
Greece’s adoption of IPv6 is also growing strongly, with its adoption rate more than tripling over the previous quarter. At a network provider level, Belgium’s Brutele and Telenet both saw on the order of half of their connections to Akamai come in over IPv6.
But IPv4 addresses continue to grow. In the quarter, more than 790 million IPv4 addresses connected to the Akamai Intelligent Platform from more than 246 unique countries/regions. The global number of unique IPv4 addresses making requests to Akamai grew by nearly two million quarter-over-quarter, a nominal increase after a loss of seven million in the second quarter.
Looking at the top 10 countries in the third quarter, the unique IP count in the United States saw a small gain of approximately 20,000 addresses. In addition to the United States, Brazil, France and Russia saw nominal increases in unique IPv4 address counts, while the remaining six countries saw unique IPv4 address counts slightly decline from the second quarter. Fifty-eight percent of countries saw a quarter-over-quarter increase in unique IPv4 address counts, with 28 countries/regions growing by 10 percent or more.
Cable and wireless providers continued to drive the number of IPv6 requests made to Akamai, many of which are leading the way for IPv6 adoption in their respective countries. Verizon Wireless and Brutele saw more than half of their requests to Akamai made over IPv6, with Telenet close behind.
When it comes to security, the volume of observed attack traffic targeting web ports (HTTP, HTTPS, HTTP Alternate) declined significantly in the quarter. In addition, the number of attacks against websites and applications reported by Akamai customers remained consistent quarter-over-quarter. These trends, Akamai notes, may be indicative of attack vectors shifting away from the application layer to focus on network layer targets – this is consistent with an observation made in the latest report.
Akamai customers reported 270 DDoS attacks for the second quarter in a row. Overall, this represents a 4.5 percent reduction in attacks since the beginning of 2014 and a four percent decrease in comparison to the third quarter of 2013.
In contrast to the second quarter’s report, the number of attacks fell in both of the Americas, with 142 attacks, and in the Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) region, with 44 attacks.
However, the number of attacks in the Asia Pacific (APAC) region rose by 25 percent from the previous quarter to 84.
The report also looked at connectivity with slight declines seen across average and average peak connection speeds, high broadband adoption, and 4K readiness. Only broadband adoption saw an increase, but it was only one percent. The long-term trend is the key indication Akamai notes, and the continued strong growth we continue to see points to ongoing improvements, on average, in the state of broadband connectivity around the world.
For mobile, the report notes that despite dominating four of the five metrics for fixed connectivity, South Korea only led the mobile metrics for average connection speed in the third quarter, with Singapore seeing the highest average peak mobile connection speed and Japan seeing the highest level of mobile broadband adoption. Interestingly, high fixed connection speeds also led some of these same Asia Pacific countries/regions to have the highest “mobile penalties” – that is, pages loading significantly faster on average over broadband connections than over mobile connections.
South Korea’s highest average mobile connection speed grew from 15.2 Mbps to 18.2 Mbps in the third quarter. Iran had the lowest average mobile connection speed at 0.9 Mbps, and was the only qualifying country with an average speed below 1 Mbps. Slovakia joined South Korea above the 10 Mbps “high broadband” threshold at 10.9 Mbps.
Average peak mobile connection speeds again spanned an extremely broad range in the third quarter, from 98 Mbps in Singapore down to 3.3 Mbps in Iran. Nine countries/regions had average peak mobile connection speeds above 50 Mbps, while another 40 saw speeds above 10 Mbps.
And on internet disruptions, once again, internet connectivity was problematic in Syria, with multiple disruptions seen during the third quarter. Iraq saw multiple disruptions as well, due to issues with the major network service providers in the country. Gambia, Liberia, and Sierra Leone all saw Internet outages that may have been due to issues with submarine cables, while a brief issue in Venezuela was related to a power outage in the country.
More information is available, along with the report to download, from:
There are also blog postings and further information used in the above report available on the Akamai site.